A research institute of the Russian Ministry of Defence is constructing a pipe that can allow the simulation of nuclear bomb explosions up to 1 megaton.
The announcement was made by the head of the 12th Central Research Institute (CRI) of the Russian Ministry of Defence, Vladimir Chipko. Work is being carried out at this institute,
"This pipe will be special. This is a joint-action pipe. It will be equipped with both explosive generators that reproduce the shock wave and special pyrotechnic generators that will reproduce the light," said Chipko on MoD's TV channel, Zvezda.
Dimensions of the pipe under construction (12 meters internal diameter, and 450 meters long) will allow testing tanks for shock wave and light radiation inside the pipe, according to Chipko.
Thus, this technology will allow simulated nuclear bomb explosions for testing military equipment. Currently, the pipe with its existing structure makes it possible to create conditions for an atomic explosion in kilotons, but the testing power will grow to megatons once the project is completed.
Nuclear testing under in the atmosphere, in outer space, and under water are prohibited by the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (PTBT) which entered into force in October 1963.
In 1996, the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) was signed. It bans all nuclear explosions, for both civilian and military purposes, in all environments. However, the treaty is not effective yet as it awaits the ratification of 44 states listed in Annex 2 of the treaty; these are states that participated in the CTBT's negotiations between 1994 and 1996 and possessed nuclear power reactors or research reactors at that time.