On Aug. 6, 1945 at 8:16 a.m. on a Monday, the people of Hiroshima witnessed the beginning of the nuclear age with a bomb that wiped out the city and killed nearly two thirds of its inhabitants.
On this day, 75 years ago, the world witnessed the beginning of a new era, one of melting-flesh and blinding-flash. The United States detonated an atomic bomb over the Japanese city of Hiroshima, where at least half of the 350,000 inhabitants perished, most of them civilians.
After WWII has concluded in Europe in May, the allies demanded the unconditional surrender of Japan, but Japan ignored the ultimatum between surrender or "prompt and utter destruction."
A modified B-29 dropped the world’s first deployed atomic bomb, a uranium gun-type bomb ("Little Boy") on Hiroshima, completely devastating its target. Half of the victims died right away, while the other half died over the months to follow from malnutrition and the effects of radiation, burns, and other injuries.
The exact death tolls from the bombing of Hiroshima remain unknown, mainly because of the massive devastation and chaos that wiped out much of the city's infrastructure. However, there are estimates that up to 135,000 people died in Hiroshima.
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