Denmark Inspects the Area of “Kavkaz-2020” Exercise

The Russian Ministry of Defence said today that Danish military will inspect the area of ​​strategic exercises "Kavkaz-2020" (Caucus-2020). This was announced by the head of the Russian National Center for Nuclear Risk Reduction, Sergei Ryzhkov

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In his statement Ryzhkov said that from September 23 to September 27, 2020, Denmark will inspect the area located in the Volgograd and Astrakhan regions and covers an area of ​​about 11,000 square kilometers on the territory of the Russian Federation within the framework of the Vienna Document 2011 on Confidence and Security Building Measures. The Russian Federation has consented to this inspection, said the Ministry of Defence.

Such inspections are carried out to determine the scope of military activities carried out within the specified area and subject to prior notification (or to confirm the absence of such notifiable military activities).

In the course of their work, the inspectors will receive briefings from the command of military formations and units located within the specified area, containing information on their structure, missions and military activities, including information on the Kavkaz-2020 exercise conducted in the specified area during this period.

The Vienna Document requires participating States to:

  • provide each other with information about their military forces annually, including about manpower and major conventional weapon- and equipment systems, as well as deployment plans and budgets.
  • notify each other ahead of time about major military activities such as exercises.
  • accept up to three inspections of their military sites per year. Some sensitive areas are excluded.
  • invite other States to observe certain activities. It also encourages States to permit journalists from all participating States to cover the activities.
  • to consult and co-operate in case of unusual military activity or increasing tensions. The Vienna Document encourages participating States, for example, to voluntarily host military visits to dispel concerns.

The Vienna Document was updated in 1992, 1994 and 1999 to account for the changing needs of OSCE participating States. The latest update introduced a chapter on regional measures that provides a framework for bilateral verification activities.

Participating States in September 2010 agreed to start updating its chapters V, on the notification of military activities, and IX, which concerns the conduct of inspection and evaluation visits.

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